A lot of people think that a monochromatic colour scheme is based around black and white when in actual fact monochrome is derived from a single base colour and extended using its shades, tones and tints. Tints are achieved by adding white and shades and tones are achieved by adding a darker colour like grey or black. The use of a monochromatic colour provides a strong sense of visual coordination, whether the effect is being used in graphic design or interior design. The absence of other colours is offset by variations in tone and the addition of texture – a shag pile rug combined with a leather sofa is a great use of textures. Monochromatic colours go well together, producing a soothing, clean and elegant effect. The monochromatic scheme is very easy on the eye, especially with blue or green hues. You can use it to establish an overall mood. The primary colour can be integrated with neutral colours such as black, white, or grey. The Pros and the Cons Monochromatic schemes are easy to manage and they always look balanced and visually appealing. However, the schemes can sometimes lack colour contrast and vibrancy and it can be difficult, when using this scheme, to highlight the most important elements.